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The General Artigas Station (Spanish: Base Cientifica Antartica Artigas), also referred to as the Artigas Base is the larger of the two Uruguayan scientific research stations in Antarctica, the other one being Elichiribehety Base. It is one of the 68 bases in Antarctica.
The Artigas Base depends on the Uruguayan Antarctic Institute Plans & Operations Direction which is ruled by an Interministerial Council, with delegates of MoD, Foreign Affairs and ministry of Education and Culture.
Uruguay, a Consultative member of Antarctic Treaty since 7 October 1985, has a permanent, active and autonomous activity as a National Governmental Program in Antarctic. It comes to effect operating an all year round station in King George Island, South Shetland, and seasonally at Antarctic Peninsula, and onboard its vessel, where performs scientific activity based on SCAR & Treaty needs and recommendations, supported by own logistic sea and air transport, and operating under COMNAP guidelines. Has delegates and members as full member of SCAR, SCAR-WG, COMNAP-SCALOP networks & WG, CCALMR and ATCM.-
Since 1984 research has been performed in these areas:
General Glaciology on KGI, South Shetlands, and Antarctic Peninsula, in various fields aiming to detect environmental changes due to anthropogenic activities and those related as response to climatic changes. This program is in scope of SCAR recommendations and is being carried out in cooperation with other nations operating in Antarctica(KORDI)
Calibration of effects of the atmosphere on metals commonly used in the Antarctic
Mossbauer spectroscopy to identify atmospheric corrosion products
Installation and operation of an ionospheric laboratory at Artigas, the Uruguayan year-round research station on King George Island
Comparative studies of physical and chemical variables in coastal waters of Fildes Bay
Observations of the Antarctic Polar Front (Antarctic Convergence)
Marine meteorology of Drake passage, according to SCAR and Treaty objectives.
Satellite geodesy applications for SCAR_EPOCH & GIANT Program
Antarctic krill (Euphausia superba) vascular and lipid characteristics
Modification of collagen disease and atheroma in rabbits by adding krill to their diet
Ornithological observations in Fildes Peninsula (King George Island), South Bay (Livingston Island), and Harmony Point (Nelson Island), South Shetland Islands
Behavioral studies in a penguin colony in the South Shetland Islands
Are provided by the National Defense Ministry (of which the Uruguayan Antarctic Institute is a part) and the armed forces (army, navy, and air force), which also contribute to scientific programs.
Transport methods include Hercules C-130B airplanes, Bell 212 helicopters, Navy Ships and other seaborne units, amphibious vehicles, and various land vehicles.
Uruguayan Antarctic research is generally proportional to overall national efforts, although there is a special emphasis on life sciences and those related to changes in the environment.
Uruguay is particularly mindful of environmental matters and abides by all agreements and treaties pertinent to the Antarctic, so develops continuous environment monitoring programs complementing the impact assessments of its activities.
Around 10 scientists in summer, 6 crew for helicopter, 3-5 for maintenance, 4 servicemen.
The following science activities are carried out at Base Cientifica Antarctica Artigas:
Area and buildings